MLA 8 asks students to identify containers and elements.
Before you build your citation determine if the source stands alone of if it is contained in a larger work. A novel or a movie on DVD are both examples of single container sources. A periodical article from a database or a page from a website are examples of two container sources so you need to mention both the article/webpage and database/website in the citation.
Elements are the compenents you need to include in any citation you build. Some sources include all nine elements while other include only a few. It's important to include the elements you know in the order listed in the graphic.
Blank Citation Templates for All Sources
Fill in the elements that make sense for the source you would like to use. You will typically leave some of the elements blank.
Citation Templates for Commonly Used Sources
In-Text Citation Help
MLA 8 Rubric
Formatting Your Final Draft
Works Cited = includes entries for all the sources you quote or paraphrase in your research.
Works Consulted = includes entires for all the sources you read for background knowledge on your topic but did not paraphrase or quote.
Lists should be constructed separately. Some teachers only require a Works Cited list.